There is a difference of opinion between developed countries and developing countries on the issue of growth and especially on the course of growth. The areas of concern for the developing countries which are represented by G-77 and developed countries vary. In fact , there is huge gap in their thinking on the issue.
Difference persists on Carbon Emission
Developed countries want G-77 nations to halt their course of growth and development and listen to rules formulated for conservation of environment by them. They want developing nations to stop the process of massive upgradations and industrializations undertaken in their respective countries for the growth of economy.
Developing nations are not ready to heed as Prime Minister of India justly pointed out in the Rio. Difficult though it may seem, we have to summon the imagination to balance the costs that we will incur in the present with the benefits that will accrue to future generations,” said Prime Minister Singh.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that if we stop developing infrastructure how could we sustain ourselves. These economic activities not only help develop a country but also offer employment to local population.
The Prime Minister made it clear to the summit that for developing countries, inclusive growth and a rapid increase in per capita income levels are development imperatives.
It was clear that more time is needed to arrive at a consensus on the issue as developed world wants cut in carbon emission on one hand, developing countries demand a suitable compensation for loss of infrastructural facilities and resulting unemployment on the other.
Agreement on Green Economy
But the Summit was successful in absolute terms so far as agreement on Green Economy is concerned. Every one felt the need to protect both the earth we live on and the atmosphere above it.
The philosophy of green economy is simple- we should leave earth the way we got it. The life of a common man should remain unhampered by our activities. Sustainable growth is not possible till we offer basic needs such as food, cloth and shelter to the ordinary citizens.
There are about 200 countries in which a major part of population is not in a position to meet demands of its basic needs. For any development to sustain, this requirement must be met.
Describing economic development, social inclusion and environmental sustainability as all equally critical as components of sustainable development, Prime Minister Singh said that the task before the world community is to give practical shape and content to this architecture in a manner that allows each country to develop according to its own national priorities and circumstances.
Countries cutting across economic lines agreed to work towards green economy.
Taking neighbours along
India’s finance secretary laid emphasis on energy security and carbon emission in the summit. On bilateral lines Prime Minister met the Prime Minister of Nepal and Sri Lanka and emphasized on the need of clean energy.
In the next five years India plans to generate 20,000 MW of solar power. It also aims at producing more than 40,000 MW of hydal energy in the next five years. It would indeed be a big leap forward in terms of checking carbon emission in the country.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh parleyed with neighbouring countries and tried to take them along on the path of clean energy.
Issues raised by India and China at Rio were appreciated by other countries. The efforts at protecting environment and measures to check carbon emission were also appreciated by the participating countries at Rio Summit.
Interestingly, India and China raised major issues facing G-77 countries in a strong and effective manner while other members of G-77 especially Brazil was busy hosting the summit.
These two countries also recounted that they have stood firm on the promise and commitment made 20 years ago in the earlier meeting.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh presented a vision for others to follow. Model of Indian growth where responsibility for environment and economic welfare go hand in hand is worth following.