FESTIVALS DURING SRAVANA MASAM (AADI AND AVANI)
2Nd August – Aadi pooram This day has very much sanctity i.e. Andal called as Goda Devi was found to VishnuChitta in Srivilliputtu in Tamil nadu. Also during this day only Parvati was found to Himavan in a sanka in Himalayas. We have to worship the amba during this day to have her blessings for deerga sumangalitvam.
3rd August – DURVA GANAPATI VRATAM: Durva ganapati vrata is being celebrated on SRAVANA SUKLA CHAVITI(CHATURTHI). On THIs day we have clean the puja room and spread the green grass on floar and place over it the idol of vinayaka or to keep vinayaka photo frame and worship him with green grass only with 1.ganapatate namaha 2 umaputraya namaha 3 agha nasanaya namaha 4 yeka dantaya namaha 5 ibha vaktraya namaha 6 mushika vahanaya namaha 7 vinayaka namaha 8 yeesa puraya namaha 9 sarva siddi pradaya namaha 10 kumara gurave namaha. After ths we have to do namaskara with the following sloka GANESAWARA GANADHYAKSHA GOWRI PUTRA GAJANANA, VRATAM SAMPURNATAMYATU TWAT PRASAD IBHANANA.
By doing above, i.e. worshiping the ganapati with durva, will eradicate all hurdles in our life.
AADI PERUKKU: This is 18th day of aadi month for south indians. On this day they worship the rivers which is full due to monsoon rains. This is mainly because, the crops are mainly depending of water and the agriculturists starts sowing the seeds after worshing the river godesses so that they can get their harvest to hands during thai month i.e. pushya masa in telugu. (sanktranti pandugalu).
4th August – GARUDA PANCHAMI/NAGA PANCHAMI- Kasyapa maharshi had two wives called kadruva and vinuta. The sons of kadruva are snakes and vinuta son is Garuda. One day vinuta kadruva has seen white horse eating grass near their hut. Kadruva asked vinuta that the horse tail is black but vinuta has not accepted. Actually, the horse is pure white, but the wicked kadruva wanted to over power vinuta and put forth a challenge that they will see again tomorrow morning the horse once again during the sun light and if the horse tail is black vinuta has to be under control of kadruva and if the tail is white only kadruva will be under the control of vinuta. The kadruva having knowing well that the horse is white only, she summoned her kids and asked to tie up the horse tail tomorrow morning so that the vinuta will be under her control. Many snakes has not accepted for this work and kadruva got anger with snakes and she cursed that the snakes community is to be diminished in the fire. Takshaka one of the sons agreed finally and he rolled himself on the tail of horse next day morning. Vinuta having seen the tail of horse as black from distance and readily agreed to work under kadruva. At a later date, the son of vinuta freed his mother from the clutes of kadruva and from that onwards garuda thought brother to snakes started to kill snakes in revenge.
During this garuda panchami day, the king janamejaya performed the sarpa yaga and many snakes voluntarily fell into the agni kunda and killed. Astika maharshi, the sister son of vasuki, had been to janamejaya and persuaded to stop killing of innocent snakes and the king agreed and stopped.
There is also one more reason to perform this naga panchami. Once four brothers of a woman working in the field was bitten by snake and all of the dead. That woman worshipped the serpant king nagaraja and got blessings to get back her brothers. That is why on this day the sisters in the family will worship nagaraja for the welfare of their brothers. According to mythology, naga dosha in horoscope will deny children in the horoscope and to get rid of the naga dosha we have to worship the snakes with milk in the naga putta (puttu) on this day.
5th August - SEETALA SAPTAMI. Due to cliamatic change many of us will get small pox/chicken pox during this time. The reason is due to excessive heat in the body accrued during the summer. To get rig of the heat we have to consume, keeri kaya (dosa kaya) with curd rice. This is scientific reason. According to mythology, once, due to compulsion of asuras, sukra has performed some abhichara homa and thereby the devas were suffered with small and chicken pox. The prayed to eswara and accordingly with amsa of ganges and chandra both are cool in nature jointly formed into a feminine shape as seetala devi. The devaas worship her and offered curd rice with keeri kai as neivadyam and the same was distributed among the poor. That iswhy we during the month of aadi, will distribute raagi ambali/sankati, curd rice, doosa/keeri kaya offer to grama devata and give away to people. Due to this the people will get rid of excess heat accumulated in the body during summer.
12th August - VARALAKSHMI VRATAM: On this day we have to worship, mahalakshi in a kumbha(pot) for the welfare of the ladies. After pooja they will tie granthi (kankanam) on thier hand and give away tambulams to sumangali ladies i.e. married ladies and get blessings from them to have deerga sumangalitwam.
13th August – HAYAGREEVA JAYANTHI. On this day, hayagreeva after retreving the vedas from madhu kaitaba demons, handed back the vedas to bramha. Hayagreeva is a staunch follower of Raja Rajeswari and he only taught lalitha sahasranama, trisati to Agastya which we all pray now. By worshipping hayagreeva we will blessed with good education.
UPAKARMA: Both followers of rig and yajur veda have to perform upakarma on this day i.e. performing homa, tarpana for deva rishies and to have new upaveetam. Then we have to take up the veda aramba from guru afresh. This is compulsory for all people who have upanayanam.
RAKSHA BANDHANA: On the pournami day, the ladies in the family worship the goddess and tie up sacred thread to their brothers for long life. Normally in our hindu culture, the sisters, and the women folk of the family will always pray the god/goddess for the welfare of their parental house upliftment though they were married and gone to another family. This shows their broadmindedness.
17th August: MAHA SANKATA HARA CHATURTHI: Every month krishna paksha chaturti is being celebraated as sankaata hara chaturti by all of us and on that we worship ganesa having upavasam in the morning and after moon set we offer puja to ganesa and then have food. This is normal sankata hara chaturti. But the sankata hara chaturti in the month of Sravana bahula chaturthi is termed as maha sankata hara chaturti. Thoese who wish to undertake sankata hara chaturti vrata will start from this day and perform for one year.
21st August: GOKULASHTAMI: /SRI JAYANTHI On this day lord mahavishnu was born as a human child to Vasudeva and Devaki as a 8th child. The day is rohini nakshatra ashtami thithi midnight. Everyone of will curse ashtami and navami that is why lord has chosen the ashtami and navami to born as his avataras i.e. krishna ashtami and sri rama navami. During this day we have put small foot prints of child from main door to our puja room as if the lord krishna visiting our puja room and accepting out worship. We have to do puja to lord krishna and offer sweet aval (atukulu) as neivedyam.
SANKALPAMS TO BE MADE ON THE VARIOUS FESTIVALS.
1. VARALAKSHMI VRATAM: Kara nama samvatsare dakshinayane greeshma rutao kataka mase sukla pakshe chaturdasyam suba thidow, brigu vasara uttarashada nakshata yuktayam, ayushman yoga karaja karana yevam guna visheshana vishishtayam subha thitho mama saha kutumbasya mahalakshmi prasada siddayartham sravana purnimopadya brugu vasara punya kale kalpokta prakrarena sri vara mahalakshmi pujam karishye.