Gurram Jashuva Biography

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Gurram Jashuva or G Joshua (గుర్రం జాషువ) (28 September 1895 – 24 July 1971) was a popular Telugu poet, born into a poor Christian family in Vinukonda, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India. He was discriminated as an untouchable in school, college and professional life. Jashuva was born to Virayya and Lingamma. Because of the intercaste alliance of his parents, their poverty and their caste, his childhood was spent in alienation from close relatives, undergoing severe hardships and being subjected to inhuman treatment from the society which considered his caste untouchable. His parents raised him as a Christian. In spite of this, Jashuva often drew his inspiration from Hinduism and Hindu mythological epics. This angered his Christian society, which was quick to proscribe Jashuva’s family from their community. This did not deter Jashuva who continued to write excellent poetry in Telugu. He graduated with Ubhaya Bhasha Praveena (scholar of Telugu and Sanskrit languages) and initially worked as primary school teacher. He worked as Telugu producer in All India Radio, Madras between 1946-1960. Protests against untouchability and segregation have been common themes in all his works. His main works include Gabbilam (A bat), Firadausi (A rebel) and Kandiseekudu (A refugee). Some of Jashua’s verses had been incorporated into popular mythological play Harischandra especially those in the cremation grounds scene.

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